11 Jan richelieu french battleship
Therefore, the Project A design was chosen for the first battleship to be laid down in the Salou building dock. , On the Clemenceau, the main artillery arrangement was as on the Richelieu and Jean Bart. On 14 February 1934, two more German battleships were ordered; officially these were the fourth and fifth Deutschland-class units, as the Third Reich had not yet denounced the Treaty of Versailles. Ordered in 1935, and designed to counter the Italian Littorio-class battleships, Richelieu was the first French 35,000-ton battleship and the first modern battleship built after the 1922 Treaty of Washington. 12 x 100 mm (3.9 inch) Anti-Aircraft guns (6x2) But time was missing to create a design for a truly new heavier battleship class. It weighed nearly 1,000 tonnes (984 long tons) more than the roughly 1,500-tonne (1,480-long-ton) quadruple turrets of the Dunkerque or the triple turrets of the Littorio.  This method has been effective at Mers-el-Kebir, when the first British 381 mm (15.0 in) shell striking the Dunkerque ultimately hit the second 330 mm (13.0 in) turret; this killed all crew in the turret's right half, but the left half remained operational. , The propulsion of the Richelieu was assured by six Indret boilers, and four Parsons turbines.  Heavier than the Dunkerque-class battleships 31,800-long-ton (32,310 t) with the hull dimensions of the Ersatz Yorck-class battlecruiser (projected in 1915), they were strongly armored with a 350 mm (14 in) belt and deck armor equivalent to the later King George V class and Bismarck class battleship classes. She was fitted with air and surface warning radar, but the U.S. Navy was reluctant to provide gunnery practice radars.  The French answer was the laying down of the second Richelieu-class battleship, the Jean Bart, in December 1936.  The Jean Bart left Casablanca in August 1945 to Cherbourg, where was, by then, the only usable French graving dock on the French Atlantic coast, and entered in one of the Brest Laninon docks in March 1946. France and Italy were, however, authorized to build the replacement tonnage that the Washington Naval Treaty entitled them to lay down.  These magazines' armor weakness was known, and was intended to be corrected on the Gascogne. She joined the British Home Fleet, which was monitoring the large German warships remaining in Norway.  A comparison with other battleships is more difficult. , Relieved by HMS Howe, Richelieu returned to Europe. On October 14, Richelieu sailed for Mers el-Kebir and later to Scapa Flow, where she arrived on November 20, 1943.  This figure may be compared to those given for the Dunkerque, 35.9%, or the Strasbourg, 37.3%, with a 30,750 tonnes (30,260 long tons) or 31,570 tonnes (31,070 long tons) normal displacement, with 2,860 tonnes (2,815 long tons) of fuel (Â¾ of full load). Consequently, the aft 152 mm (6.0 in) turret on the center line, turret VII, was on frame 68.85[lower-alpha 10] on the Richelieu, versus on frame 44.30, on the Dunkerque, as the aft lateral secondary turrets were respectively on frame 54.45, versus 53.30. This caused a 40-foot (12 m) long hole, and disabled the starboard propeller shaft; flooding caused her stern to touch bottom. , On the after tower, there was only the auxiliary system for the 152 mm (6.0 in) artillery (system 3) with a 6-meter (20 ft) double stereoscopic OPL rangefinder. HMS Resolution which took part to Operation Catapult in July 1940,and Operation Menace, against Dakar, in September. The 152 mm guns of the axial turret were replaced by Canadian-built ones.. , In the December 1938 designs, aircraft installations were intended to be fitted at the ship's center, with trainable catapults between the fore tower and the funnel, and a hangar at the after tower's base, but problems with positioning the 100 mm (3.9 in) AA battery too near the main and secondary batteries resulted, in February 1939, in again positioning the aircraft installations at the ship's stern.  The Richelieu was damaged in the battle the first time her main battery fired: a 380 mm (15 in) shell blew back and disabled two guns in the #2 main turret; this was thought to be from the use of the wrong propellant type. French aircraft carrier PA2 (now cancelled) would potentially have been named Richelieu. For the Dunkerque-class battleships totaled 123,000 long tons ) horizontal turning speed was 5Â°/s, the! 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